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Coaching, Peer Assistance, and Mentoring Public Access and Password Protected Documents

Peer Resources Document Archive




Peer Resources is the leading producer in North America of contemporary literature on peer helping, mentoring and coaching. Research reports, project summaries, annotated bibliographies, and background papers are a few of the documents available from Peer Resources.

Certain documents are only available to members of the Peer Resources Network. To join the Network and obtain a password and full access to all documents, visit Peer Resources Network Information.

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DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE AS OF September 24, 2016
Public Access Permitted
(Listed in order of most frequently accessed.)
PRN Membership Required
(Selecting any document will initiate password and userid box.)
Documents are divided into the following categories: general, mentoring focused, coaching focused, and peer focused.

GENERAL RESOURCES:

  • The Peer Resources Annotated Bibliography - An up-to-date searchable compilation of more than 13,000 article summaries on mentoring, peer assistance, and coaching. Search the Bibliography

  • The Peer Bulletin - Published monthly and distributed by e-mail to Peer Resources Network members only. View a sample issue.

  • Compass: A Magazine for Peer Assistance, Mentorship and Coaching - The only professional periodical with articles on coaching, peer assistance and mentorship. Distributed to Peer Resources Network members only. View a sample copy.

COACHING RESOURCES

  • A Guide to Credentials and Credentialing in Coaching - The "tell-all" and up-to-date essay about all the different certifications in the coaching field. Curious about what particular initials mean and what it takes to obtain them? This paper identifies all sources of credentials, clarifies the differences between types and terminology, provides data about viewpoints, and suggests a number of solutions to problems associated with credentialing in coaching. (This article is available in different formats. Select a format or view online.

  • The Coaching News - A free, non-commercial newsletter focusing on coaching with brief articles on up-to-date issues, current events, and the latest research. Access the current issue, all back issues, and subscription information.

  • How to Find a Coach by Rey Carr - Tips on selecting the right coach. View this article.

  • What is Coaching? by Rey Carr - A brief description of the profession that is growing faster than any other, including the high tech industry. View this article.

  • In the Business of Success Coaching by Bruce Elkin - An experienced coach details the foundations of coaching. View this document.

  • From Fit to Stretch: Coaching Skills for Creating Success On Your Own Terms by Bruce Elkin - Realizing and using natural skills is one of the keys to successful coaching. View this document.

  • Coaching Made Simple by Tom Laughlin, President of Caravela, an international leadership and team development organization, describes the three R's of coaching: reflect, reframe and resolve. This simple, yet powerful trio can guide most coaches to successful interactions with clients. View this document.

  • Coaching Conference Summary by Rey Carr describes the keynote speaker ideas, identifies various coaching issues and trends, and lists the resources associated with the largest coaching conference ever held. View this document.

  • Are you a practical dreamer? If not, you should be! by Bill Brooks and reproduced with permission from MentorU.) This article shows the relationship between dreams and achieving goals. Useful for both coaches and clients as well as mentors and their partners as a way to provide inspiration and reinforce the importance of dreams as well as recognize what it takes to make dreams become reality. (PDF) Download

  • Ask What, Not Why by Laura Berman Fortgang is an article by one of the top coaches about how to increase the capacity of individuals to access their internal wisdom. She provides tips on how to use better questions to help clients achieve positive, forward motion. View this document.

  • All About Coach Referral Services by Rey Carr describes and lists the most reputable coach/client matching services available on the Internet. While fees and benefits of each service differ, questions are raised about whether they are helping or exploiting coaches.

PEER DOCUMENTS:

  • The Peer News - A free, non-commercial newsletter focusing on all types of peer work and includes items on up-to-date issues, current events, and the latest research. Access the current issue, all back issues, and subscription information.

  • Peer Helper Initiatives for Out-of-the-Mainstream Youth: A Report and Compendium - A 1996 PDF document (86 pages, 342k) prepared by Health Canada outlining the rationale for involving street youth, runaways, and other youth in peer programs. Download this document.

  • Beyond Peer Pressure: A Theoretical Framework for Understanding the Varieties of Social Influence in Adolescent Risk Behavior - Recognizes the importance of involving teens in social marketing of prevention ideas rather than seeing them as victims of peer pressure. View this document.

  • The FAS/FAE Peer Helper Training Workbook by Rey Carr (Workbook not available)
    (1) The Abstract of the FAS/FAE Peer Helper Workbook Project Report View
    (2) The complete FAS/FAE Peer Helper Workbook Project Report View
    (3) The reference section of the FAS/FAE Peer Helper Workbook Project View

  • Peer Resources Annotated Bibliography Table of Contents View

  • Peer Career Training Curriculum Project by Rey Carr - A project initiated in 1995 to provide Internet-based resources for students acting as peer career educators and their peer program leaders. (No updates after 1997.)
    (1) Table of Contents View
    (2) Peer Career Support Links and Services View

  • The Peer Counsellor Journal (PCJ) (Published since 1981 and replaced in 1999 by Compass: A Magazine for Peer Assistance, Mentorship and Coaching.
Previous Issues of the Peer Counsellor Journal are available for download:
  • Peer Counsellor Journal (Spring 1993, Vol. 10, No. 1) (PDF, 164k) Download
    Topics:
    Network News
    Editorial
    Writing a Peer Grant Proposal
    Senior Peer Counselling
    Fetal Alcohol Peer Program
    Featured Resources
    New References
    Materials from the Bookstore
    Training Events Calendar
    Displaced Peer Workers
    National Certification Registry
    Successful Take-Over
    Peer Helpers...Peer Enablers
    Designing Peer Materials
    Free Bibliographies
    Workplace Peer Support
    The B.C. Ombudsman
    Certification

  • Peer Counsellor Journal (Spring 1994, Vol. 11, No. 1) (PDF, 192k) Download
    Topics:
    Editorial
    L'Entrade Quebecoise
    Writing a Peer Grant Proposal
    Peer Helping in Canada
    New References
    Peer Trainer Workshop Details
    Atelier d'elaboration
    Materials from the Bookstore
    Training Events Calendar
    International Peer Program
    Featured Resources
    Peer Tutoring
    National Certification Registry
    Peering Down Bullies
    Free Materials
    A L'Abbonnement
    L'Entraide du Canada
    Materiel par notre librarie
    A Transition Peer Program
    Certifie
    Certification

  • Peer Counsellor Journal (Spring 1996, Vol. 12, No. 1) (PDF, 256k) Download
    Topics:
    Editorial
    Peer Career Pilot Project
    Peer Support in Hong Kong
    Elementary School Peer Support
    Natural Strength Training
    Notices and Events Calendar
    Peer Training Workshops
    Peer Support Around the World
    Materials from the Bookstore
    Elder Mediation Project
    School-Wide Peer Helping
    Join the Peer Resources Net
    Benefits of Joining the Net
    Featured Resources
    New References
    Titres disponsibles
    National Registry of Peer Trainers
    Certification (francais)
    Certification (English)

  • Peer Counsellor Journal (Summer 1996, Vol. 12, No. 2) (PDF, 280k) Download
    Topics:
    Editorial
    Network News
    Tell Us About Kicking Butt
    Notices and Events Calendar
    Peer Training Workshops
    Peer Support in Thailand
    Materials from Our Bookstore
    Experiential Learning Cycle
    Making Training Look Easy
    Join the Peer Resources Network
    Benefits of Joining the Net
    Surfing for Peers
    Peer Career Progress Report
    Featured Resources
    New References
    Titres disponsibles
    Tobacco Reduction Project
    National Registry of Peer Trainers
    Certification (francais)
    Certification (English)

  • Peer Counsellor Journal (Spring 1997, Vol. 13, No. 1) (PDF, 168k) Download
    Topics:
    Editorial
    Network News
    Building on Peers at Work
    Peer Helping and EAPs
    New References
    Our Bookstore
    Peers Can be Coaches
    Workshops in 1997
    National Registry of Peer Trainers

  • Peer Counsellor Journal (Summer 1998, Vol. 14, No. 1) (PDF, 96k) Download
    Topics:
    Editorial
    Network News
    Bullyproofing with Peers
    Peer Helping in Higher Ed
    Our Bookstore Update
    Peer Tutoring: A New View
    Featured Resources
    Peers Bring Kids to Campus
    Peers Prevent Harassment
    National Registry of Peer Trainers
    Training Workshops

  • Peer Tutoring in Adult Basic and Literacy Education - Describes how peer tutoring can be used with adults. View

  • Potential Pitfalls in Training Tutors - An excellent overview of cautions regarding expectations and performance. View

  • A Review of Tutoring Programs in the Northwest US - Various projects are described and problems identified. View

  • Peer and Cross-Age Tutoring: Why Does It Work? The Research Base - The rationale and basis for tutoring in education. View

  • Peer and Cross-Age Tutoring - An extensive summary of studies and practices in school-based tutoring.View

  • Peer Helping Relationships in Urban Schools by Michael Webb - An ERIC Digest paper. View

  • Peer Tutoring: Toward a New Model - An explanation of how to establish an effective school-based peer tutoring program. View

  • Peer Assisted Learning - A description of a new book of edited readings on this topic. View

  • Parental Involvement in Peer Tutoring in Math and Science - A description of a new book on this topic. View

  • Matching Students with Children Who Have Disabilities - Clear rationale and description of how to establish a peer-based program for youth with disabilities. View

  • The Family Empowerment Project: Connecting Parents with Volunteers - A parent-to-parent peer program. View

  • How Adolescents Can Be Empowered Through Peer Helping - An excellent paper describing the outcomes of peer work with students. View

  • Peer Leaders in Drug Abuse Prevention - How young people can actively use peer pressure for positive purposes. View

  • Peer Educators Deal with Health Issues - A series of papers presented at the 2nd International Drugs and Young People Conference in Melbourne, Australia, April 4-6, 2001. (1) The Drug Stop HIV Peer Project (Download); 2. Mobilizing Peer Networks for Hepatitis C Prevention (Download); (3) Piloting Peer-Delivered Hepatitis C Testing and Counselling Based at a Needle and Syringe Program (Download); (4) Youth for Youth: Piecing Together the Peer Education Jigsaw Download); and (5) Peer Power: Drug Education in Schools (Download).

  • Creating Safe and Drug Free Schools: An Action Guide (1996) - Several schools include a peer component to ensure greater success in keeping schools safe and drug free. View

  • Teen Pregnancy: State and Federal Efforts to Implement Prevention Programs and Measure Their Effectiveness - Released November 30, 1998 by the US General Accounting Office, this report details how peer leadership, peer counselling, and mentorship are being used by a number of states and local agencies for pregnancy prevention, but too little is done to evaluate these programs as to whether they make a difference. View

  • Conflict Resolution Education: A Guide to Implementing Programs in Schools, Youth-Serving Organizations, and Community and Juvenile Facilities by Donna Crawford and Richard Bodine - A comprehensive paper on peer mediation that summarizes the research base, provides a compendium of various approaches to curriculum and training, and details factors essential to starting and maintaining effective peer mediation and conflict resolution programs for youth. View

  • Collaborative Peer Review: The Role of Faculty in Improving College Teaching - A digest report about various colleges that use peer review. View

  • Peer Assisted Leadership - A Yearlong Program of Professional Development for Educational Leaders Involved in School Improvement View

  • Infusing Prevention into the Curriculum - A rationale for all prevention programs, including peer programs in the schools.View

  • Having Friends, Making Friends, and Keeping Friends: Relationships as Educational Contexts - The basis for most peer support programs in educational settings. View

  • Mediation in the Schools - An excellent report with examples of the rationale for and use of mediation in school settings. View

  • A Time for Ethical Principles for Peer Leaders by Lou Vangieri - A highly experienced peer program leader outlines the foundation for having an ethical code and describes a rationale for managing ethical dilemmas. Download.

  • Alcanzando el futuro: el papel de la mentoría en el nuevo milenio - This paper, written by Rey Carr, concerns the status of mentoring in Canada and was presented in Spanish at an International Conference in Rio de Janiero, October, 1999 (39 pages). Download

    MENTORING DOCUMENTS:

    • The Mentor News - A free, non-commercial newsletter focusing on mentoring and includes items on up-to-date issues, current events, and the latest research. Access the current issue, all back issues, and subscription information.

    • A Short Bibliography on Nursing and Mentoring - A list of 45 references in MS Word format for anyone working on projects associated with strengthening nursing practice through mentoring. Download

    • Oddysey: The Mentor Newsletter (Published since 1993 and replaced in 1999 by Compass: A Magazine for Peer Assistance, Mentorship and Coaching. Back issues are available to Peer Resources Network members)
      (Vol. 3, No. 2) View

    • Mentor Papers and Literature - A variety of original papers available on the Internet or published in professional and popular press sources with brief annotations. View

  • Documents are divided into the following categories: general, mentoring focused, coaching focused, and peer focused.

    GENERAL RESOURCES:

    • Books, audiotapes, videotapes and CD's on mentoring, coaching and peer assistance available for review by Peer Resources Network members. View the List

    • Current and previous issues of Compass: A Magazine for Peer Assistance, Mentorship and Coaching Access

    • Current and previous issues of The Peer Bulletin (published monthly and distributed by e-mail) View any or all issues

    COACHING RESOURCES:

    • Corporations that Use External and/or Internal Coaches
      A list of corporations and businesses, mostly in North America, that employ designated internal coaches or have relied on external coaches to provide coaching services for all levels of employees. Available to Peer Resources Network members in the Password Area.

    • Large Scale Firms that Provide Business or Executive Coaching Services
      A list of corporations and businesses, mostly in North America, that provide coaching services for all levels of employees. Available to Peer Resources Network members in the Password Area.

    • Carr, R. (2005). Coaching statistics, facts, guesses, conventional wisdom and the state of the industry. Peer Resources: Victoria, British Columbia
      Gathering information about the value, the size of the industry, scope, fiscal practices, and research findings associated with coaching can be a daunting and time-consuming task. In addition, many of the sources of information are either unreliable or inaccurate. In this up-to-date compendium, a coaching industry expert combines his academic research skills, long-term engagement with coaching, and some detective work to compile virtually everything that is known about whether coaching provides a return on investment, the size, scope, and breadth of coaching around the world, the fees associated with coaching, and concrete figures about other areas. Available to Peer Resources Network members in the Password Area.

    • Carr, R..A. (2004). Measuring Change in Coaching, Peer Assistance, or Mentoring: Thinking out of the Box - A description with some examples of the powerful method of using a post-then-pre method rather than the traditional pre-then-post approach to measuring change. Available to Peer Resources Network members only at: Password Area (pdf).

    • Carr, R. (2004). Mentor as coach. Victoria, BC: Peer Systems Consulting Group, Inc.
      A coach typically uses the same interpersonal skills as an effective mentor. Instead of dwelling of what makes coaching and mentoring different, this paper shows mentors seven steps to deepen their mentoring conversations to achieve what top coaches can achieve in a short period of time. Download this Word File.

    • Abbott, G. (2004). One Hundred Coaching Questions.
      While coaching is more than just asking questions, certain questions have significant power to generate the type of help that most clients are seeking. In this list of 100 questions, organized around the phases of a coaching relationship, Geoff Abbott has provided coaches with samples of inquiry used by top coaches. Download this Word File.

    • Barone, V. and Childress, K. (Editors) (2002). The Solo Professional: Navigating the Business Side of Your Business (E-Book).
      Thirty-nine experts guide coaches to get their business on the right track. Each expert succinctly describes the challenges awaiting the solo professional, shares their experiences or wrong turns and provides specific ideas, leads and useful resources. Topics include: developing vision, pricing services, marketing, accounting, deciding on legal structures, planning for retirement, building a support system, establishing an office practice, and more. The experts list both their best business decision as well as the decision that caused them the most grief. Available free to to Peer Resources Network members. Download this PDF e-book.

    • Laske, O. (2003). A developmental perspective on the ICF Core Competencies: Briefing for the ICF Board. Paper presented at the International Coach Federation Coaching Research Symposium, Denver, Colorado.
      The briefing explains, by way of examples, what it means for the ICF to review their core competencies from a research point of view. The briefing also names some of the consequences of that view for training and certification, coaching practice, and coaching research. The author believes that if the ICF doesn't attend to adult development over the life span and its direct relevance to coaching, especially coach training, the ICF will have a troubled future. Download this this Word file.

    • Gale, J., Liljenstrand, A., Pardieu, J., and Nebeker, D. (2002). Coaching survey: An in-depth analysis of coaching practices: From background information to outcome evaluation. Unpublished manuscript, California School of Organizational Studies at Alliant International University. - The results of a web-based survey of members of a variety of professional coach organizations including the ICF, PCMA, TECF, Coaching.com and independent coaches was conducted as a way of adding more sophisticated and valid scientific data to what is known about the coaching profession. The rationale and a brief, limited review of past coaching literature, the methods of the study, and the results regarding areas such as client acquisition, contracting, coaching practices, outcome evaluation, philosophical issues, and demographics are discussed. Appendices provide raw data. Download

    • Executive Briefing: Case Study on the Return on Investment of Executive Coaching - The CEO of MetrixGlobal, Dr. Merrill Anderson, describes a study of a Fortune 500 company that realized a 529 percent (yes, that's correct) return as a result of its investment in coaching. Other intangible benefits that were a direct result of coaching are detailed. Download Article

    • McGovern, J., Lindemann, M., Vergara, M.A., Murphy, S, Barker, M.A. and Warrenfeltz, R. (2001). Maximizing the Impact of Executive Coaching: Behavioral Change, Organizational Outcomes, and Return on Investment. - A study conducted by one of the global leaders in coaching, the Manchester Group, of their delivery of coaching by their certified coaches. The study demonstrated a return on investment as a result of coaching that was 6 times higher than what was initially predicted and was assessed as a $25 million dollar benefit. The formula for ROI is included as well as details about the procedures used and outcomes obtained. Download PDF

    • Personal Coaching's Evolution from Therapy by Dr. Patrick Williams - The leader in training therapists to be coaches details the history of coaching and explains its connection to therapy. Download this document

    • Laske, O. (2003). An integrated model of developmental coaching: researching new ways of coaching and coach education. Medford, MA: Laske and Associates.
      This comprehensive paper details the extensive and historical foundations for developmental coaching. The author believes that performance oriented coaching is based on a limited understanding of human potential, particularly the fields of developmental psychology and education. In addition, the author argues, the outcomes of coaching strong depend of a coach's own developmental level. The author reports on a research study conducted with executives and applies the results to coaching practice and coach training. Download this document

    • Grant, A.M. (2003). Towards a psychology of coaching. University of Sydney: Coaching Psychology Unit.
      The use of an executive or life coach in order to enhance one's work performance or life experience is increasing in popularity. However, there is little empirical research attesting to the effectiveness of executive or life coaching, and there have been few attempts to outline a psychology of coaching. This paper reviews the empirical and theoretical psychological literature on executive and life coaching and, drawing on previous clinical and counselling psychology details a solution-focused, cognitive-behavioural framework for a psychology of coaching. The review finds that there is some measure of empirical support for the effectiveness of coaching, but coaching research is still in its infancy. A number of directions for future research are outlined which may further the establishment of the emerging discipline of coaching psychology. Download this document.

    TRAINING RESOURCES:

    • Carr, R..A. (2004). Measuring Change in Coaching, Peer Assistance, or Mentoring: Thinking out of the Box - A description with some examples of the powerful method of using a post-then-pre method rather than the traditional pre-then-post approach to measuring change. Available to Peer Resources Network members only at: Password Area (pdf).

    • The 10 Secrets of Successful Experiential Trainers by Grey Owl - A top trainer reveals why trainings he leads are rated as the best. View this document

    • How to Make Training Seem Natural by Grey Owl View this document

    • Training Jewels - Powerful resources, ideas and tips from highly experienced trainers and facilitators. Includes descriptions of books, videos, newsletters, and articles that can add value to any learning event. View this document

    • Measuring Change in Training Programs by Rey Carr - A unique, scientifically valid and easy to use method that captures the real magnitude of change as a result of implementing a training program. A key research method for peer assistance, coaching and mentoring programs.Download

    MENTORING RESOURCES:

    • Carr, R..A. (2004). Measuring Change in Coaching, Peer Assistance, or Mentoring: Thinking out of the Box - A description with some examples of the powerful method of using a post-then-pre method rather than the traditional pre-then-post approach to measuring change. Available to Peer Resources Network members only at: Password Area (pdf).

    • Carr, R. (2004). Mentor as coach. Victoria, BC: Peer Systems Consulting Group, Inc.
      A coach typically uses the same interpersonal skills as an effective mentor. Instead of dwelling of what makes coaching and mentoring different, this paper shows mentors seven steps to deepen their mentoring conversations to achieve what top coaches can achieve in a short period of time. Download this Word File.

      Carr, R. (2004). Matching in mentoring: The key elements of a successful match. Victoria, BC: Peer Systems Consulting Group, Inc.
      Accurate matching based on similar profiles is often considered the best way to ensure relationship success in mentoring. This paper examines the wisdom of this method, outlines two other ways to manage connecting mentors with their partners, and suggests nine types of conversations that are more important than matching for the success of mentoring. View

    • Making the most of informal mentoring. by David Clutterbuck (November, 2003).
      This paper supports the idea that a combination of informal and formal mentoring will provide the most effective impact for mentoring in an organization. The author details the key steps to stimulate informal mentoring by establishing a climate within which it can thrive. View

    • The Problem with Research in Mentoring by David Clutterbuck - Details about the five key criteria to use in assessing the value of research associated with mentoring. View

    • Diversity Issues in the Mentoring Relationship by David Clutterbuck - The issues surrounding mentoring for diversity are identifed, including power and empowerment, balancing difference and similarity, managing stereotypes, measuring outcomes, and sustaining the diversified mentoring. View

    • Coaching and Mentoring at the Top by David Clutterbuck - The reasons why coaching and mentoring are even more important at the top of an organization and what helps executives become actively involved. View

    • How Formal Should Your Mentoring Scheme Be? by David Clutterbuck - Getting the right balance between formal and informal is necessary to sustain successful mentoring programs. The details of how to accomplish this illusive task are provided in this document. View

    • The Benefits of Mentoring by Dr. David Clutterbuck - In this document an experienced mentor program consultant identifies the benefits for the organization (retention, recruitment, succession planning, merger and acquisition, for the mentor, for the partner, and for the line manager. View

    • The Benefits of Mentoring to the Mentor, the Organization, and the Person Being Mentored by Dr. Rey Carr - In this one-page document, the person responsible for recruiting more than 30,000 mentors lists a number of benefits for each group. Suitable as an overhead or workshop handout. View

    • For parents with children in mentoring programs: Guidelines, ground rules, and answers to questions. - This document was originally designed as a pamphlet to educate parents about what to expect from mentoring, how to support the mentoring relationship, and how to deal with potential conflicts between parenting practices and mentoring interactions. View

    • One Hundred Big Ones by Rey Carr - A list of more than 100 powerful questions developed by a highly experienced mentor that he uses to build quality relationships with partners. The introduction to the list explains their origin and purpose. Access

    • The Five-Minute Mentor - An experiential exercise designed by Rey Carr that can be used at mentor seminars to help participants learn that mentoring can be done in a short time period and does not require being an expert in the same field as the person being mentored. Download (PDF)

    • How to Get Started in Mentoring - A five-point guide, written by Larry Ambrose of Perrone-Ambrose Associates, that provides advice for mentors on how to establish a successful mentoring relationship. Recommendations include understanding the difference between mentoring and managing, selecting a partner, knowing what you can offer, making an offer, and preparing for the first meeting. Download (Word)

    • The Seven Layers of Mentoring - In this brief paper, David Clutterbuck describes how to develop increasingly deeper dialogue between mentor and partner. He identifies seven types of dialogue each with its own impact on the relationship. Each type (social, technical, strategic, self-insight, behaviour change, and integrative) requires a slightly different focus and additional skills. This paper is very helpful for showing that one size doesn't fit all and why there can be a clash between a mentor's ability and a partner's needs. Download (Word)

    • California Mentoring Initiative Quality Assurance Standards - A set of 18 key principles and guidelines for establishing a mentoring program connecting youth and adults. Originally created from best practices and now used as a voluntary practice standard for youth mentoring programs throughout the state of California. Download the PDF

    • Group Mentoring: A Study of Mentoring Groups - The results of a study of three group mentoring programs involving youth, describing the advantages and benefits as well as the details, practices and positive results. Access PDF

    • Mentoring Agreements - Sample agreements ranging from a simple template for an agreement to specific details of formal agreements based on explicit goals. View

    • Sample Mentoring Evaluation Surveys - Sample surveys designed to evaluate a mentoring program or assess the progress of the mentoring relationship. Access Surveys

    • Why Mentoring Reduces Employee Turnover - A brief paper by Rey Carr summarizing what is known about the impact and nature of employee turnover and the way in which mentoring and coaching can dramatically reduce the costs and help organizations retain high potential employees. Access

    • Women as Mentors - Learn about the myths of mentoring, the usefulness of networking, and how to be a mentor. Access

    • Abbott, I. and Boags, R. (2004). Mentoring across differences: A guide to cross-gender and cross-race mentoring. Washington, DC: Minority Corporate Counsel Association
      Originally designed as a study of diversity and mentoring in corporate law departments and the law firms that work with them, this year-long study yields practical advice and ideas for all mentors, mentees, and organizations. The authors examined five questions: (1) How lawyers build successful cross-gender and cross-race mentoring relationships; (2) How lawyers define reasonable expectations for cross-gender and cross-race mentoring relationships; (3) How lawyers build trust in cross-gender and cross-race mentoring relationships to promote open communication; (4) How lawyers develop the capability and comfort to discuss diversity issues in cross-gender and cross-race mentoring relationships; and (5) How lawyers are motivated to initiate cross-gender and cross-race mentoring relationships. The findings in this study, conducted by two top mentoring experts, provide considerable guidance for other mentoring venues and address issues about starting, supporting, and sustaining cross-gender and cross-race mentoring relationships. The authors found a number of surprising, yet consistent results and have included checklists and guides to help others benefit from the research. Access to the full article is available to Peer Resources Network members in the password protected area.

    • Jekielek, S., Moore, K.A., and Hair, E.C. (2002). Mentoring programs and youth development: A synthesis. Washington, D.C.: Child Trends.
      The mid- to late 1980s saw the number of mentoring programs grow as the need for caring relationships between at-risk youth and adults became more obvious, and the shortcomings of some traditional programs and services for young people became more apparent. This synthesis examines the role that mentoring plays in helping youth develop a broad array of strengths and capacities in the following four areas of child well-being: education and cognitive attainment; health and safety; social and emotional wellbeing; and self-sufficiency. Program evaluations in this report all use a rigorous experimental methodology to test for the impact of program participation on youth outcomes.

    • How to Diffuse the Sexual Issue in Mentoring - Describes strategies for women to help avoid sexual issues in a mentoring relationship. Access

    • The Mentoring Cycle - A four-stage model for mentors and partner interaction based on the Peer Resources experiential learning cycle. Examples of strategies, actions, and specific statements for each stage are provided for mentors. Access

    • The Changing Nature of Mentorship in Canada - Written by Rey Carr, this major paper outlines the basis for mentoring in Canada, compares various models, identifies barriers and supports for mentoring, pinpoints the key elements of successful mentoring initiatives, reveals the paradox of mentoring, provides solutions to mentoring dilemmas, lists print and Internet mentoring resources, and concludes with an interactive exercise useful for stimulating an in-depth discussion of mentoring. The paper was prepared as a key resource for the Intergenerational Mentoring Conference in Buenos Aires, October, 1999. Access

    • The Real Story About the Origin of the Term Mentor - Many sources consider ancient Greek mythology as the start of mentoring but new evidence disputes this claim. Access

    • Intentional Mentoring, Traditional Mentoring, Peer Mentoring and Transition Mentoring by Rey Carr - The similarities and differences between mentoring models are compared in a chart using mentor program effectiveness criteria. Access

    • What are the Differences Between Coaches, Mentors, and Therapists? by Rey Carr - The similarities and differences between these, at times, competing ways of helping others. Download this document

    • The Five Features that Make Mentoring Different from Managing, Supervising and Coaching by Rey Carr - When mentoring, coaching, supervision, and management are discussed within the business world, the most frequently asked question is: How are they different from each other? In this paper, five key aspects of mentoring are described and distinquished from other forms of business activity. Download this document

    • A Summary of the Issues, Concepts, and Practices of Two 1999 Conference on Mentoring by Rey Carr - A review and analysis of the trends and issues identified at the International Mentoring Association Conference (Atlanta) and the Linkage Coaching and Mentoring Conference (Boston) (PDF). Download this document

    • Mentorship: The Bridging Model by Rey Carr, David de Rosenroll and Greg Saunders. - The key article that describes the rationale for involving mentors with youth at-risk and initiated the largest youth mentoring project ever launched in Canada (PDF). Download this document

    • Measuring the Quality of Mentor-Youth Relationships: A Tool for Mentor Programs by Linda Jucovy. - This article provides a sample survey that can be used with youth, a guide for scoring the survey, suggestions about ways to use the survey and blank copies of scoring sheets that can be duplicated (PDF). Download this document

    • Same-Race and Cross-Race Matching by Linda Jucovy. - This article provides an overview of the arguments and research regarding same-race versus cross-race matching in youth to adult mentoring programs. In addition to examining the issues, the author provides practical guidance for how to use the findings within individual mentoring programs. The author believes that all mentors could probably benefit from training in cultural understanding and she provides information about conducting a training along with suggested activities (PDF). Download this document

    • Peer Mentoring: A Bridging Model for Communities by David de Rosenroll - A paper on how to involve community members in developing a mentoring strategy for youth (PDF).Download this article

    • Oddysey: The Mentor Newsletter (Vol. 4 No. 1) - The final issue of this newsletter before being replaced by Compass: A Magazine for Peer Assistance, Mentorship and Coaching. View Oddysey

    • The International Telementoring Project - This paper describes the project involving more than 5000 students, details how to become a mentor sponsor, and provides anecdotes as well as other data about the results (PDF). Download this document

    • E-mentoring: The advantages and disadvantages of using email to support distant mentoring by Amanda Harrington. This research paper covers: (1) a brief summary of definitions of mentoring (and coaching); (2) how e-mentoring is different from face-to-face mentoring; (3) an overview of the literature on email; (4) the factors impacting on the use of email; (5) the advantages and disadvantages of e-mentoring; and (6) issues for researchers and practitioners. View this document

    • Electronic Mentoring: Issues to Achieve, Research and Practice - The authors, Peg Boyle Single and Carol B. Muller, define e-mentoring and structured e-mentoring programs, identify their promise and highlight some potential pitfalls. They suggest a model for conducting structured mentoring programs and apply this model to the e-mentoring format. In the process of applying this model to the e-mentoring format, they identify open research questions pertaining to e-mentoring. View this document

    • Mentoring in the US Army - How the army uses mentors to assist army personnel with career advancement (34 pages). Download

    • Confronting the Odds: Students At Risk and the Pipeline to Higher Education by Laura J. Horn - A description of how mentoring can be one of the strategies to increase the likelihood that students will be successful in college admissions. Download this document

    PEER ASSISTANCE RESOURCES:

    • Carr, R..A. (2004). Measuring Change in Coaching, Peer Assistance, or Mentoring: Thinking out of the Box - A description with some examples of the powerful method of using a post-then-pre method rather than the traditional pre-then-post approach to measuring change. Available to Peer Resources Network members only at: Password Area (pdf).

    • The Naturals: Peer Group Leaders by Rey Carr - A brief paper on using youth to lead peer group discussions that includes the rationale, an example of how to apply this method to any curriculum area with a specific reference to bicycle safety, and information about available resources demonstrating this principle. (PDF) Download this article

    • National Registry of Certified Peer Trainers - A list of all peer trainers certified at Level I, Level II, and Level III. Access

    • Peer Mediation: A Guide to Getting Started with Successful Mediations - An article outlining the steps for successful peer-based mediation with sample dialogue and suggestions for resolving dilemmas and difficult mediations. Resources in Canada and the US are described. Download (PDF file).

    • La médiation par des pairs : Des normes qui peuvent sauver une vie - An article by Rey Carr in French that details the tragic consequences of not attending to standards for peer programs. Download

    • Peer Mediation: Standards That Can Save a Life - An article by Rey Carr that details the tragic consequences of not attending to standards for peer programs. Download

    • Peer Assistance Workplace Training Guide by Rey Carr - A step-by-step training manual and peer assistance program set-up guide for business and corporate settings. (PDF) (Not yet available.)

    • Amtrak Boosts Peer Counseling A description of the peer counseling program used by Amtrak's Drug and Alcohol Prevention service (Operation RedBlock) from the United Transportation Union (UTU) News

      View this article

    • Peer Assistance and Peer Review: A Handbook Prepared by the American Federation of Teachers and the National Education Association This guide details the AFT/NEA position on peer work and provides specific guidelines on how to implement such programs for professionals in an education setting. View this handbook

    • Peer Assistance Program Standards - Standards associated with effective workplace-based peer assistance programs connected to Employee Family Assistance Programs. (PDF) (Not yet available.)

    • The Code of Friendship Training Module for Developing Ethical Behaviors for Peer Helpers by David deRosenroll - Exercises and activities to assist peer helpers to develop guidelines about confidentiality and other ethical practices.View this document

    • Overview of Friendship Research by David deRosenroll - Details about the importance of friendship research as a basis to create peer helping programs. View this document

    • How Peer Training Effects Friendships by David deRosenroll View this document

    • The Best Definition of Peer Helping Anywhere by David deRosenroll - With so many new terms being used to describe peer helping work, David keys in on the core by providing a practical definition of peer helping. View this document

    • How to Train Peer Helpers to use Principles of Adolescent Development by Rey Carr - This unique experiential training manual can be used to help adolescents learn about their development The manual includes foundations, exercises, and activities to help adolescents learn abou t and then help their friends learn about development. Download this document

    • Mobilizing Peer Support for Smoking Reduction by Rey Carr - Details how to establish a tobacco reduction and cessation program for adolescents by using other adolescents as peer educators. View this document

    • The Tobacco Reduction Strategy Peer Helper Workbook by Rey Carr - A workbook for participants to accompany the peer training of adolescents and young adults that can be used in any peer program and has an additional component for a tobacco reduction focus. Download this document

    • Compendium of HIV/AIDS Interventions - A 1999 state-of-the-science report detailing evidence of reductions of sex and/or drug related risks for HIV/AIDS. Several of the interventions use peer-led or peer mentor models (57 pages, 869k). Download this document

    • What Is Happening in School to Work Programs? by Bettina Lankard Brown - A PDF document emphasizing the importance of including mentoring in school-to-work programs for adolescents. Download this document

    • Previous issues of The Peer Counsellor Journal (no longer published) View any or all back issues

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