The Peer Helping Annotated and Indexed Bibliography - Introduction ["PSCG

The Peer Helping Annotated and Indexed Bibliography


Please note that the categories listed below were originally designed for the print version of the Annotated Bibliography. Since 1994, when the Bibliography was placed on the World-Wide Web, annotations were no longer grouped into categories. Therefore, any articles published after 1994 were added to the main database and not categorized. The best way to access any articles (including the ones that were previously categorized) is to use the Keyword Search system.
  1. Introduction
  2. Using the Bibliography
  3. Other Related Bibliographies
  4. Peer Thanks Giving
  5. Peer Helping in Schools
  6. Peer Helping and Teachers
  7. Peer Helping in Colleges and Universities
  8. Peer Helping and Older Adults
  9. Peer Career Counselling
  10. Peer Mentor Relationships
  11. Peer Helping for Health Related Issues
  12. Peer Helping for Special Needs and Groups
  13. Peer Helping in Organizations and Community-Based Groups
  14. Peer Helping Programs, Training and Resources
  15. Peer Helping Related Research
  16. Search by Keyword


The rapid expansion of peer programs across North America has been accompanied by a wide variety of roles for peers in helping each other. Originally developed for secondary schools, peer helping programs are now associated with many community organizations, universities, colleges, recreation centres, hospitals, telephone hot lines, senior citizen agencies, and elementary schools. Peer helping programs have been developed for different ethnic and cultural groups, health problems, health promotion, gifted children, mentally retarded, inmates, and many other special needs populations. While the peers who provide these services often do so under different labels such as peer counsellors, peer facilitators, peer mediators, natural helpers, peer support workers, peer helpers or peer learning assistants, they are united under the common theme of peers helping peers.

Similar to other innovations in the helping field, the peer movement has mushroomed into many diverse practices and approaches. Reports, reviews, research and resources documenting this growth have been published in a variety of places. The major purpose of this annotated and indexed bibliography is to centralize these publications into one single, continuously updated source. In this way, it is hoped that the more than 1200 entries spanning 1980 to 1996 included in this Bibliography can provide support, stimulation and information to practitioners, researchers, and other decision-makers who wish to examine the movement in more depth or learn about a variety of program options and choices. While the majority of entries in this Bibliography are published reports of the rationale, training and practices of peers helping peers, there are a number of entries which establish the theoretical and empirical bases for peer helping. In addition this Bibliography contains information about books, manuals and other training resources.

| Table of Contents | Documents Index | Peer Resources Index |


We have included an author index as well as a topic or key word index to assist users to easily identify areas of interest. This latest edition of this Bibliography also includes a topic index at the end of each section in addition to the cumulative index which concludes the Bibliography. Feedback from users of the previous editions indicated that many people started reading the Bibliography from the beginning and browsed their way to the end. Other readers examined the topic index to get an idea of the range of possibilities; while others just read through particular sections. Authors eagerly searched the author index to make sure we had included their work! This entire Bibliography is now on computer disk, so persons who wish to peruse the Bibliography by computer can obtain the data files.

Each entry in the Bibliography has been assigned a code number which appears before that entry and again in the author and subject matter indices. Many articles have been cross-referenced and may appear in more than one section of the Bibliography or may appear under more than one listing in the subject matter indices. Entries in this Bibliography from ERIC, the data base of the Educational Research Information Clearinghouse, have included the ERIC system locator serial number for those persons who wish to retrieve the document through ERIC's microfiche system.

Every effort has been made to locate all the works available on peer helping and list them in this Bibliography. In some cases copies of articles were not available for annotation. In a few instances portions of a particular reference disappeared and consequently a date or a journal name may be missing. When articles had their own annotations they were generally included without editing. In many cases annotations were created or existing abstracts edited in order to articulate the relationship between peer helping and the substance of the article. The letters or phrase following each annotation is the code for the person(s) who prepared that annotation.

Virtually all of the works listed in this Bibliography are subject to copying restrictions placed by authors, publishers, and Canadian and United States laws concerning copyright. Therefore, we are generally not permitted to make copies of any of the listed works to send to interested parties. We suggest that users locate the article in a local public, college or university library and abide by the policies connected with that institution. Authors can typically provide low or no cost reprints or complimentary copies of their articles, and their contact addresses are usually included with the original publication. Publishers generally require payment for copies or reprints, and where appropriate, their addresses have been included with each bibliographic citation.

| Table of Contents | Documents Index | Peer Resources Index |


Persons who wish to locate peer counselling works published prior to 1979 are referred to the bibliography which is included in Carr and Saunders (1979) Peer Counselling Starter Kit, published by Peer Resources (1052 Davie Street, Victoria, British Columbia, V8S 4E3, CANADA ).

Persons who are interested in peer teaching or peer tutoring will find a few listings in this Bibliography, but should also consult the comprehensive bibliography, Peer Teaching and Peer Tutoring: An Indexed and Annotated Bibliography, which is also available from Peer Resources (1052 Davie Street, Victoria, British Columbia, V8S 4E3, CANADA).

Additional listings for peer mentoring can be located in two sources: Gray, W.A. & Gray, M. M. (1986). Mentoring: A Comprehensive Annotated Bibliography of Important References. West Vancouver, British Columbia: International Centre for Mentoring (675 Inglewood, V7T 1X4, CANADA), and Gray, M. M. (Ed.) (1989). Annotated bibliography on mentoring. Mentoring International Journal, 3(4).

Persons interested in self-help and peer support groups are referred to the work by Rubin Todres, Self-Help Groups: An Annotated Bibliography, 1970-82, published by the National Self-Help Clearinghouse (33 West 42nd Street, Room 1222, New York, New York, 10036.) Another useful work in this area is by Judith Burns, Svetlana Lenko, and Hector Balthazar (1989), Resources for Self-Help: Materials Held by National Voluntary Organizations in Canada published by the Canadian Council for Social Development, 55 Parkdale Avenue, Box 3505, Station C, Ottawa, Ontario, K1Y 4G1, CANADA.

| Table of Contents | Documents Index | Peer Resources Index |


Many people have assisted with the compilation of this Bibliography. The early versions owed thanks to Christina McDowell, Marie McKee, Sandra Morely, Jeff Fuhr, Joyalle Bunyan-Maynard, Bruce Heimbecker and Steve Slavik who all learned more about library research than they wanted to know. Maggy Soos and Heather MacDonald paved the way for a later version of the Bibliography to be entered on a mainframe computer. They were able to learn a variety of complicated commands to keep the listings current and accurate. Roxanne Yanishewski and Nick Cacciatto introduced the Bibliography to a data base personal computer program, and Maggy Soos generously reappeared to help transfer data from the mainframe to a Macintosh computer system. The latest and greatest thanks for the present version of the Bibliography go to Carol Stuart, who, in addition to pursuing her academic studies and family responsibilities full-time, braved the frustrations and limitations of software and hardware to prepare this final version.

Despite the long hours and dedication of all the above persons, none of them are responsible for any errors or omissions which may be associated with this Bibliography. All such problems are the complete and sole responsibility of a mysterious virus which affected the computer. These problems can easily be controlled by feedback from users.

| Table of Contents | Documents Index | Peer Resources Index |