Field-Test of a Peer Educator Workbook
for the Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
and Fetal Alcohol Effects

Rey A. Carr
Peer Resources


AADAC (1993). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Edmonton, AB: Alberta Alcohol and Drug Addiction Commission.

Abel, E.L. (1985). Fetal alcohol exposure and effects: A comprehensive bibliography. Westport, CN: Greenwood Press.

Abel, E.L. (1990). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Oradell, NJ: Medical Economics Company, Inc.

Atkinson, D. (1993). Improving cause-of-death statistics: The case of fetal deaths. American Journal of Public Health, 83, 1084-1085.

Benard, B. (1988, January). Peer programs: The loadstone to prevention. Prevention Forum, pp. 6-12.

Carr, R.A. (1984). The theory and practice of peer counselling. Educational and Vocational Guidance, 42, 1-9.

Carr, R.A. (1987). Peer career counsellors: A conceptual and practical guide. Victoria. BC: Peer Systems Consulting Group.

Carr, R.A. (1989). Peer helping: The bridge to substance abuse prevention. B.C. Counsellor, 10, 2, 5-18.

Carr, R.A. (1991). Peer counselling: An indexed and annotated bibliography. Victoria, BC: Peer Systems Consulting Group.

Carr, R.A. and Saunders, G.A. (1981). The peer counselling starter kit. Victoria, BC: Peer Systems Consulting Group, Inc.

Casiro, O.G., Stanwick, R.S., Pelech, A., and Taylor, V. (1994). Public awareness of the risks of drinking alcohol during pregnancy: The effects of a television campaign. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 85, 23-27.

Cordero, J.F., Floyd, R.L., Martin, M.L., Davis, M., and Hymbaugh, K. (1994). Tracking the prevalence of FAS. Alcohol Health & Research World, 18, 82-85.

Cornelius, M.D., Richardson, G.A., Day, N.L, Cornelius, J.R., Geva, D., and Taylor, P.M. (1994). A comparison of prenatal drinking in two recent samples of adolescents and adults. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 41, 412-419.

Gottlieb, B.H. (1978). The development and application of a classification scheme on informal helping behaviours. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 10, 2, 105-115.

Gottlieb, B.H. (1985). Combining lay and professional resources to promote human welfare: Prospects and tensions. In J.A. Joder, J.M.L. Jonker, and R.A.B. Leaper (Eds.). Support networks in a caring community. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff.

Hankin, J.R. (1994). FAS prevention strategies: Passive and active measures. Alcohol Health & Research World, 18, 1, 62-66.

Hodnett, E. (1993). Social support during high-risk pregnancy: Does it help? Birth: Issues in Prenatal Care, 20, 218-219.

Kinzie, M.B., Schorling, J.B., and Siegel, M. (1993). Prenatal alcohol education for low-income women with interactive multimedia. Patient Education and Counseling, 21, 51-60.

Klepp, K.I., Halper, A., and Perry, C.L. (1986). The efficacy of peer leaders in drug abuse prevention. Journal of School Health, 56, 9, 407-411.

Lapierre, J., Perreault, M., and Goulet,C. (1995). Prenatal peer counseling: An answer to the persistent difficulties with prenatal care for low-income women. Public Health Nursing, 12, 1, 53-60.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (April, 1993). Effects of alcohol on the fetus. Alcohol Alert, 20, 1.

Niccols, G.A. (1994). Fetal alcohol syndrome: Implications for psychologists. Clinical Psychology Review, 14, 2, 91-111.

Roberts, G. (1987). The peer counsellorÕs workbook. Victoria, BC: Peer Systems Consulting Group, Inc.

Schorling, J.B. (1993). The prevention of prenatal alcohol use: A critical analysis of intervention studies. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 54, 261-267.

Soby, J.E. (1994). Prenatal exposure to drugs/alcohol: Characteristics and educational implications of fetal alcohol syndrome and cocaine/polydrug effects. Springfield, Ill: Charles C. Thomas.

Spohr, H.-L., Willms, J., and Steinhausen, H.-C. (1993). Prenatal alcohol exposure and long-term developmental consequences. The Lancet, 341, 907-910.

Steinhausen, H.-C., Willms, J., and Spohr, H.-L. (1993). Long-term psychopathological and cognitive outcome of children with fetal alcohol syndrome. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 32, 990-994.

Steinhausen, H.-C., Willms, J., and Spohr, H.-L. (1994). Correlates of psychopathology and intelligence in children with fetal alcohol syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 35, 323-331.

Stone, D.J. and Keefauver, L. (1990). Friend to friend: Helping your friends through problems. Minneapolis, MN: Educational Media Corporation.

Tobler, N.S. (1986). Meta-analysis of 143 adolescent drug prevention programs: Quantitative outcome results of program participants compared to a control or comparison group. Journal of Drug Issues, 16, 4, 537-567.

Villar, J., Farnot, U., Barros, F., Victoria, C., Langer, A., and Belizan, J. (1992). A randomized trial of psychosocial support during high-risk pregnancy. New England Journal of Medicine, 327, 1266-1271.