Peer Resources Online: Book Description

Book Descriptions

The following is a description of three related books by Keith Topping and Judi Bamford (with Tiny Arora, Anne Mallinson & Kay Shanahan). These descriptions were provided by Keith Topping.


Keith Topping and Judi Bamford (with Tiny Arora, Anne Mallinson & Kay Shanahan)

This book is one of a family of three related books. It is the more detailed background text for deeper reading and reference which supports two resource Handbooks for more everyday use. The books are also usable independently. All three are based on many years field work in England and Scotland.

The three books are directed principally at primary and secondary teachers and those who train, support, assess and manage teachers. Researchers and policy developers in education will also find interest in this book. Parents will also undoubtedly be interested, but may find the more immediately practical Handbooks more appealing.

Paired Maths is a system for parents, peers and other non- professional tutors to interact with primary or secondary aged children using selected structured mathematical games (unlike ordinary schoolwork or "games" from commercial maths schemes). The aim is to consolidate and deepen maths understanding and generalise problem solving skills out of the classroom into "real-life" community settings (while still maintaining linkage to National Curriculum or other prescribed attainment targets), as well as increasing enjoyment, motivation and confidence in all partners.

Paired Science is a parallel system for science, except instead of games the interaction is guided by a series of "Activity Sheets." These outline suggested activities, list the simple materials needed, and give instructions for children and advice for helpers.

This more detailed background text has a main focus on the Paired Maths method, which has a longer history and wider research than the more recent Paired Science work. However, much of the rationale and many of the organisational issues and possible applications are common to both, and the implications for Paired Science are also explored throughout the book. It seeks to give readers sufficient organisational detail to enable them not only to replicate but also creatively to extend the Paired Maths and Paired Science approaches successfully. Co-ordinators of parent involvement or peer tutoring projects and maths and science specialists or co-ordinators will find this book essential reading. Related international developments, relevant background theory and effectiveness research are reviewed in an accessible way, leading directly to implications for action. Extension of the methods to more challenging target groups with special needs is also described.

Preface; 1 Introduction, Rationale and Development; 2 Materials: Selecting and Creating Maths Games; 3 Organising Parental Involvement in Maths and Science; 4 Evaluating Paired Maths and Science: Research Findings; 5 Evaluating Paired Maths and Science: How To; 6 Co- operative Learning/Peer Tutoring in the Maths Classroom; 7 Cross- School Peer Tutoring in Maths for Special Needs; 8 Conclusions and Future Directions; References.

Appendices - Further Information & Resources: 1 Details of Paired Maths Project Games: Levels 1, 2 & 3; 2 List of Suppliers of Games & other useful addresses; 3 List of Books of Games; 4 List of Software Suppliers; 5 List of Websites; 6 Parents Mathematical Library - Bibliography; 7 Further Reading for Professionals.

Cost: stlg12.99 paperback, c. 112 large format pages, ISBN 1-85346-541-O

About the authors: Keith Topping is Director of the Centre for Paired Learning and Director of the M.Sc. in Educational Psychology at the University of Dundee. He previously directed the Kirklees Paired Learning Project and is widely known as a trainer, researcher, writer and lecturer with specialisms in parent and peer tutoring and disruptive behaviour. He has created a number of multi-media in-service training and distance learning packages and written 13 books and over 100 articles. Judi Bamford is Principal Educational Psychologist for the Kirklees local education authority in West Yorkshire, where she has many years of experience of running Paired Maths projects. She is currently engaged in research on innovation in education and the effectiveness of inservice training, with particular reference to the development of Paired Maths.

THE PAIRED MATHS HANDBOOK: Parental Involvement and Peer Tutoring in Mathematics

Keith Topping and Judi Bamford

This Handbook gives a brief introduction to the rationale, materials, organisation and evaluation of the Paired Maths method for parental involvement and peer tutoring in mathematics, for children aged four to fourteen years. This is followed by twelve different practical resources to copy to help with the organisation of the method. The main part of the book consists of two-dimensional mathematical games to copy, complete with instructions and needing minimal other materials. These games are particularly suitable for children aged nine to twelve years, especially when involved in co-operative learning or peer tutoring in schools or other study centres (although they can also be used in parental involvement, and with older children with difficulties with maths). The handbook is A4 size and bound to facilitate copying.

Section A - Introduction to Paired Maths: Rationale and Development; Materials; Organising Parental Involvement; Evaluation Evidence; Evaluating Paired Maths.

Section B - Resources for Setting Up Paired Maths (Reproducible): Organisational Checklist; "What To Do" Parent Leaflet; "Further Hints" Parent Leaflet; Diary and Language Cards; Games Loan Record Chart; Core Mathematical Vocabulary; Parent Evaluation Questionnaire; Teacher Evaluation Questionnaire; Extended Joint Evaluation Questionnaire for Children, Parents and Peers; Feelings Questionnaire for Paired Maths in Class with Peers; National Curriculum Linkage, Level 1; National Curriculum Linkage, Level 3.

Section C - Maths Games (Reproducible): Over 80 Level 3 maths games, categorised by area (e.g. Number, Space, Strategy), with reproducible game boards, clear instructions and notes of other simple materials needed (e.g. playing pieces, counters).

Cost: stlg 13.99 paperback, c. 112 A4 pages, ISBN 1-85346-497-X

THE PAIRED SCIENCE HANDBOOK: Parental Involvement and Peer Tutoring in Science

Keith Topping

Science is now considered very important and is taught to much younger children than formerly. However, it is difficult for teachers to give children enough practical work and individual attention in science in class. This Handbook gives a brief introduction to the rationale, history, materials, organisation and evaluation of the Paired Science method for developing greater scientific ability, motivation and confidence in children aged 5 - 11, by involving parents or older children at home and older peers in schools as tutors. This is followed by eight different resources to copy to help with organisation. The main part consists of 45 structured, practical, enjoyable and reproducible Paired Science Activity Sheets to copy, in 7 areas: Air, Magnets, Moving Things, Light, Heat, Myself and Water. Each is complete with instructions for children, explains the underlying scientific ideas very simply and clearly to the helper, and needs little equipment other than that already available in most homes and schools. These activity sheets are particularly suitable for children aged 5 - 7 years working with parents at home, but they can also be used in cross age peer tutoring in schools or other study centres up to the age of 11, and with older children with difficulties with science. The handbook is A4 size and bound to facilitate copying.

Section A - Introduction to Paired Science: What is Science?; Parental Involvement; Early Initiatives; The Structure of Paired Science; Evaluation - Case Studies; Future Directions; References.

Section B - Resources for Setting Up Paired Science (Reproducible): Parent Leaflet; Paired Science Equipment List; Paired Science Activity Sheet List; Activity Sheet Record Chart; Paired Science Keywords: Scientific Language - (a) keywords per activity sheet, (b) keywords by frequency; Note on Evaluation, Evaluation Feedback Questionnaire.

Section C - The 45 Paired Science Activity Sheets (Reproducible): A1- A6 Air; M1-M6 Magnets; MT1-MT6 Moving Things; L1-L7 Light; H1-H6 Heat; MY1-MY7 Myself; W1-W7 Water.

Cost: stlg12.99 paperback, c. 96 A4 pages, ISBN 1-85346-500-3

All three books are published as follows: London: David Fulton; Bristol PA: Taylor & Francis (February 1998)

In the UK & Europe, direct enquiries to David Fulton Publishers, PO Box 13057, London, WC1N 3HY, tel 0171 405 5606; fax 0171 831 4840; email

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